Recent publications

  1. Satyamurthy A, Poojary G, Dibben G, Padmakumar R, Taylor RS, Babu AS. Exercise Training in Pulmonary Hypertension: AN UPDATED SYSTEMATIC REVIEW WITH META-ANALYSIS. J Cardiopulm Rehabil Prev. 2023 Jul 1;43(4):237-244. doi:10.1097/HCR.0000000000000765. Epub 2023 Jan 19. PMID: 36655898.

  2. Shah S, Dibben G, Ketkar A, Hare DL, Myers J, Franklin B, Babu AS, Taylor RS. Identifying the Optimal Exercise Prescription for Patients with Coronary Artery Disease Undergoing Cardiac Rehabilitation: Protocol for a Systematic Review and Network Meta-Analysis of Randomized Control Trials. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2022 Sep 28;19(19):12317. doi: 10.3390/ijerph191912317. PMID: 36231615; PMCID: PMC9566022.

  3. Santiago de Araújo Pio C, Beckie TM, Varnfield M, Sarrafzadegan N, Babu AS, Baidya S, Buckley J, Chen SY, Gagliardi A, Heine M, Khiong JS, Mola A, Radi B, Supervia M, Trani MR, Abreu A, Sawdon JA, Moffatt PD, Grace SL. Promoting Patient Utilization of Outpatient Cardiac Rehabilitation: A JOINT INTERNATIONAL COUNCIL AND CANADIAN ASSOCIATION OF CARDIOVASCULAR PREVENTION AND REHABILITATION POSITION STATEMENT. J Cardiopulm Rehabil Prev. 2020 Mar;40(2):79-86. doi: 10.1097/HCR.0000000000000474. PMID: 31764535.

  4.  Babu AS, Lopez-Jimenez F, Thomas RJ, Isaranuwatchai W, Herdy AH, Hoch JS, Grace SL; in conjunction with the International Council of Cardiovascular Prevention and Rehabilitation (ICCPR). Advocacy for outpatient cardiac rehabilitation globally. BMC Health Serv Res. 2016 Sep 6;16:471. doi: 10.1186/s12913-016-1658-1. PMID: 27600379; PMCID: PMC5013580.

  5. Menezes HJ, D' Souza SRB, Padmakumar R, Babu AS, Rao RR, Kamath VG, Kamath A, Grace SL. Technology-based Comprehensive Cardiac Rehabilitation Therapy (TaCT) for women with cardiovascular disease in a middle-income setting: A randomized controlled trial protocol. Res Nurs Health. 2023 Feb;46(1):13-25. doi:10.1002/nur.22276. Epub 2022 Nov 12. PMID: 36371623.

  6. Satyamurthy A, Prabhu N, Padmakumar R, Babu AS. Feasibility of an exercise-based cardiac rehabilitation algorithm in patients following percutaneous coronary intervention for acute coronary syndrome. Indian Heart J. 2020 Jul-Aug;72(4):289-292. doi: 10.1016/j.ihj.2020.07.011. Epub 2020 Jul 17. PMID:32861385; PMCID: PMC7474114.

Manuscripts in review:

  1. Babu AS, Bhat V, Jose P, Padickaparambil S, Padmakumar R, Jeemon P. Challenges and Inadequacies to Cardiac Rehabilitation in a Low-Middle Income Country

  2. Babu AS, Prabhakaran D, Sarwal R. Challenges, innovations, and future directions towards advancing rehabilitation services in India: The case for Cardiac Rehabilitation

Some of the key publications from the ACROSS project are listed below:
(please refer to the original source journals for more information)

Abstract Accepted:

Validation of the HeartQoL Bangla version questionnaire in Bangladeshi patients with coronary heart disease.
Jamal Uddin, Sayed Ibn Alam, Graziella Zangger, Lau C Thygesen, Rezaul Karim Mohammad M.A. Rashid, Fazila-Tun-Nesa Malik, Mir Ishraquzzaman, Mahbubus Sobhan, Sohel Reza Choudhury, Ann-Dorthe Olsen Zwisler, Rod S. Taylor, Neil B Oldridge


Will be published: In Conference proceedings

Global health-care systems must prioritise rehabilitation
Rod Taylor, Ann-Dorthe Zwisler, Jamal Uddin


Published: December 01, 2020

Secondary Preventive Care for Cardiovascular Diseases in Bangladesh: A National Survey
Sayed Ibn Alam,Jamal Uddin,Fakhrul Islam Khaled,Harisul Hoque,Dipal K. Adhikary,Rezaul Karim,M. A. Rashid,Sajal Krishna Banerjee,Rod S. Taylor,Ann-Dorthe Olsen Zwisler ,Sherry L. Grace


Published: April 30, 2021

Development of the International Cardiac Rehabilitation Registry Including Variable Selection and Definition Process
Mohiul I. Chowdhury, Karam Turk-Adawi, Abraham Samuel Babu, Gabriela Lime de Melo Ghisi, Pamela Seron, Tee Joo Yeo, Jamal Uddin, Martin Heine, Marianna Garcia Saldivia, Evangelia Kouidi, Masoumeh Sadeghi, Raghdah Aljehani, Sherry L. Grace


Published: January 11, 2022

Effects of cardiac rehabilitation in low-and middle-income countries: A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials
Taslima Mamataz Jamal Uddin Sayed Ibn Alam Rod S Taylor Maureen Pakosh Sherry L Grace ACROSS collaboration


Published: July 13, 2021

Depression and congestive heart failure: A large prospective cohort study from Pakistan
Muhammad I. Husain, Imran B. Chaudhry  Muhammad O. Husain,  Esha Abrol, Shahid Junejo, Tahir Saghir, Raza ur Rahman, Khalida Soomro,  Paul Bassett, Sakina A. Khan,  André F. Carvalho, Nusrat Husain


Published: March, 2019

Availability and delivery of cardiac rehabilitation in South-East Asia: How does it compare globally?
Chowdhury, M., Heald, F., Turk-Adawi, K., Supervia, M., Babu, A., Radi, B. & Grace, S.L.


Published: December, 2021

Building Capacity Through ICCPR Cardiovascular Rehabilitation Foundations Certification (CRFC): EVALUATION OF REACH, BARRIERS, AND IMPACT
Babu, A.S., Heald, F.H., Contractor, A., Ghisi, G.L.M., Buckley, J., Mola, A., Atrey, A., Lopez, F.L.J. & Grace, S.L.


Published: May 1, 2021

Controlled pilot test of a translated cardiac rehabilitation education curriculum in percutaneous coronary intervention patients in a middle-income country delivered using WeChat: acceptability, engagement, satisfaction and preliminary outcomes
Liu, X., Grace, S.L., Ghisi, G.L., Wendan, S., Sheng, C., Oh, P., & Zhang, Y.Q.


Published: September 23, 2022

Cardiac Rehabilitation in India: Results from the International Council of Cardiovascular Prevention and Rehabilitation’s Global Audit of Cardiac Rehabilitation 
Abraham Samuel Babu, Karam Turk-Adawi, Marta Supervia, Francisco Lopez Jimenez, Aashish Contractor, Sherry L. Grace 

03 Apr 2020

Background: Cardiac rehabilitation (CR) is recommended in clinical practice guidelines for comprehensive secondary prevention. While India has a high burden of cardiovascular diseases (CVD), availability and nature of services delivered there is unknown. In this study, we undertook secondary analysis of the Indian data from the global CR audit and survey, conducted by the International Council of Cardiovascular Prevention and Rehabilitation (ICCPR).

COVID-19: A Time for Alternate Models in Cardiac Rehabilitation to Take Centre Stage
Abraham Samuel Babu, Ross Arena, Cemal Ozemek, Carl J. Lavie

April 25, 2020

The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has resulted in large-scale social distancing, working from home, prohibiting large group gatherings, and staying at home.
These public health measures have been shown to be effective in the influenza pandemic of 1918  and continue to hold a place in today’s scenario. Social distancing requires one to maintain a distance of at least 2 m or 6 feet between individuals in public spaces whereas stay at home orders require an individual to remain confined to one’s home with the provision to leave for essential errands (ie, groceries, medicine, and health care).
Although these measures are necessary to curb the widespread transmission of respiratory infection disease, their implementation makes the delivery of traditional, centre-based cardiac rehabilitation (CBCR; ie, face-to-face, 12 weeks, 36 sessions) virtually impossible, because CBCR services have been suspended because of their nonessential designation during the COVID-19 pandemic. Essentially, because of the COVID-19 pandemic, the participation rate has decreased to virtually 0%. Before the COVID-19 outbreak, CBCR participation in many jurisdictions, including Canada and the United States was already a long-standing concern, with less than a quarter of eligible American patients participating in traditional cardiac rehabilitation (CR).

Effect of Home-Based Cardiac Rehabilitation in a Lower-Middle Income Country
Jamal Uddin, MPH; Vicky L. Joshi, MSc; Mohammad Moniruzzaman, MPhil; Rezaul Karim, D-Card; Jalal Uddin, PhD; Masoom Siraj, MBBS; Mohammad Abdur Rashid, MPH; Henriette Knold Rossau, MSc; Rod S. Taylor, PhD; Ann-Dorthe Zwisler, PhD

Jan 2020

Purpose: Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of mortality and morbidity in lower-middle income countries (LMICs), including Bangladesh. Cardiac rehabilitation (CR) as part of secondary prevention of cardiovascular disease has been shown to reduce mortality and morbidity and improve quality of life and exercise capacity. However, to date, very few controlled trials of CR have been conducted in LMICs.

Correspondence to the EJPC in response to position paper by Ambrosetti M et al. 2020: Cardiovascular rehabilitation and COVID-19: The need to maintain access to evidence-based services from the safety of home
Hasnain Dalal1, Rod S Taylor2,3, Colin Greaves4,Patrick J Doherty5, Sinead TJ McDonagh3, Samantha B van Beurden3 and Carrie Purcell2; on behalf of the REACH-HF Study Group 

April 28, 2020

24THRI World Congress 2020 submissions

Cardiac Rehabilitation in Women of Bangladesh: Why need to focus?
Registrar Sheikh Mohammad Mahbubus Sobhan

Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of death among women. Bangladesh has the highest prevalence of CVD risk factors among South Asian countries. Cardiac Rehabilitation (CR) is crucial to improve outcome of CVD and enhances patient's quality of life and resume their proper place in society. There is a strong evidence that CR is equally effective in women. But women are less likely to participate in CR worldwide. 

Health-related Quality of life questionnaire validation among Bangladeshi Cardiac patients
Senior Chest Physiotherapist Jamal Uddin

Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) are responsible for 85% of death in low and middle-income countries (LMICs). Survival rate has increased by the recent improvement in medical and surgical treatment. Rehabilitation service is necessary to allow people to return to a meaningful everyday life. Health-related quality of life (HeartQoL) is a disease-specific valid, reliable questionnaire. 

Recent relevant publications

Professor Rod S. Taylor

  • Williams CA, Wadey C, Pieles G, Stuart G, Taylor RS, Long L. Physical activity interventions for people with congenital heart disease. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2020 Oct 28;10:CD013400.
  • Dibben GO, Gandhi MM, Taylor RS, Dalal HM, Metcalf B, Doherty P, Tang LH, Kelson M, Hillsdon M. Physical activity assessment by accelerometry in people with heart failure. BMC Sports Sci Med Rehabil. 2020;12:47.
  • Dalal HM, Taylor RS, Wingham J, Greaves CJ, Jolly K, Lang CC, Davis RC, Smith KM, Doherty PJ, Miles J, van Lingen R, Warren FC, Sadler S, Abraham C, Britten N, Frost J, Hillsdon M, Singh S, Hayward C, Eyre V, Paul K. A facilitated home-based cardiac rehabilitation intervention for people with heart failure and their caregivers: a research programme including the REACH-HF RCT. Southampton (UK): NIHR Journals Library; 2021.
  • Taylor A, Taylor RS, Ingram W, Dean SG, Jolly K, Mutrie N, Lambert J, Yardley L, Streeter A, Greaves C, McAdam C, Price L, Anokye NK, Campbell J. Randomised controlled trial of an augmented exercise referral scheme using web-based behavioural support for inactive adults with chronic health conditions: the e-coachER trial. Br J Sports Med. 2020 Nov 27:bjsports-2020-103121.
  • Shepherd AI, Pulsford R, Poltawski L, Forster A, Taylor RS, Spencer A, Hollands L, James M, Allison R, Norris M, Calitri R, Dean SG. Physical activity, sleep, and fatigue in community dwelling Stroke Survivors. Sci Rep. 2018;8(1):7900.
  • Dalal HM, Taylor RS, Jolly K, Davis RC, Doherty P, Miles J, van Lingen R, Warren FC, Green C, Wingham J, Greaves C, Sadler S, Hillsdon M, Abraham C, Britten N, Frost J, Singh S, Hayward C, Eyre V, Paul K, Lang CC, Smith K. The effects and costs of home-based rehabilitation for heart failure with reduced ejection fraction: The REACH-HF multicentre randomized controlled trial. Eur J Prev Cardiol. 2019;26:262-272
  • Taylor RS, Long L, Mordi I, Tvilling Madsen M, Davies EJ, Dalal H, Rees K, Singh SJ, Gluud G, Zwisler AD. Exercise-based rehabilitation for heart failure: Cochrane systematic review, meta-analysis, and trial sequential analysis. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2019;73:1430-1443
  • Dibben GO, Dalal HM, Taylor RS, Doherty P, Tang LH, Hillsdon M. Cardiac rehabilitation and physical activity: systematic review and meta-analysis. Heart. . 2018;104:1394-1402.
  • Taylor RS, Long L, Mordi I, Tvilling Madsen M, Davies EJ, Dalal H, Rees K, Singh SJ, Gluud G, Zwisler AD. Exercise-based rehabilitation for heart failure: Cochrane systematic review, meta-analysis, and trial sequential analysis. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2019;73:1430-1443
  • Lang CC, Smith K, Wingham J, Eyre V, Greaves CJ, Warren FC, Green C, Jolly K, Davis RC, Doherty PJ, Miles J, Britten N, Abraham C, Van Lingen R, Singh SJ, Paul K, Hillsdon M, Sadler S, Hayward C, Dalal HM, Taylor RS; REACH-HF investigators,. A randomised controlled trial of a facilitated home-based rehabilitation intervention in patients with heart failure with preserved ejection fraction and their caregivers: the REACH-HFpEF Pilot Study. BMJ Open. 2018;8:e019649.
  • Lund K, Sibilitz KL, Berg SK, Thygesen LC, Taylor RS, Zwisler AD. Physical activity increases survival after heart valve surgery. Heart. 2016 Apr 7. pii: heartjnl-2015-308827
  • Pentecost C, Farrand P, Greaves CJ, Taylor RS, Warren FC, Hillsdon M, Green G, Welsman JR, Rayson K, Evans PH, Taylor AH. Combining Behavioural Activation with physical activity promotion for adults with depression: findings of a parallel group pilot randomised controlled trial (BAcPAc). Trials. 2015;16:367.
  • Thompson TP, Greaves CJ, Ayres R, Aveyard P, Warren FC, Byng R, Taylor RS, Campbell JL, Ussher M, Green C, Michie S, West R, Taylor AH. An exploratory analysis of the smoking and physical activity outcomes from a pilot randomised controlled trial of an exercise assisted reduction to stop (EARS) smoking intervention in disadvantaged groups. Nicotine & Tobacco Research 2015; doi: 10.1093/ntr/ntv099
  • Warren FC, Stych K, Thorogood M, Sharp DJ, Murphy M, Turner KM, Holt TA, Searle A, Bryant S, Huxley C, Taylor RS, Campbell JL, Hillsdon M. Evaluation of different recruitment and randomisation methods in a trial of GP-led interventions to increase physical activity: a randomised controlled feasibility study with factorial design. Trials 2014, 15:134
  • Pavey TG, Taylor AH, Fox KR, Hillsdon M, Anokye N, Campbell JL, Foster C, Green C, Moxham T, Mutrie N, Searle J, Trueman P, Taylor RS. Effect of exercise referral schemes in primary care on physical activity and improving health outcomes: systematic review and meta-analysis. Br J Sports Med. 2013;47:526
  • Taylor RS, Pavey T, Campbell J, Taylor AHT, Hillsdon M. Exercise referral schemes an effective intervention for the promotion of physical activity in primary care? A systematic review and meta-analysis. Brit Med J 2011;343:d6462
  • Farrand P, Pentecost C, Greaves C, Taylor RS, Warren F, Green C, Hillsdon M, Evans P, Welsman J, Taylor AH A written self-help intervention for depressed adults comparing behavioural activation combined with physical activity promotion with a self-help intervention based upon behavioural activation alone: study protocol for a parallel group pilot randomised controlled trial (BAcPAc). Trials. 2014;15:196.
  • Samad AK, Taylor RS, Marshall T, Chapman MA. A meta-analysis of the association of physical activity with reduced risk of colorectal cancer. Colorectal Dis. 2005;7:204-13. 
  • Jolliffe J, Taylor RS. Physical activity and cardiac rehabilitation: a critical review of the literature. Coron Health Care. 1998;2:179-186